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Posidonia oceanica

What is Posidonia Oceanica? Posidonia Oceanica is a seagrass, also called Neptune grass. Posidonia ONLY lives in the Mediterranean sea and is believed to be 10 thousands of years old. 3% of the Mediterranean is covered with Neptune grass. In 1999 Posidonia fields in Ibiza and Formentera have been declared world heritage site by UNESCO Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, 1813 è una pianta acquatica, endemica del Mar Mediterraneo, appartenente alla famiglia delle Posidoniacee (Angiosperme Monocotiledoni). Ha caratteristiche simili alle piante terrestri, ha radici, un fusto rizomatoso e foglie nastriformi lunghe fino ad un metro e unite in ciuffi di 6-7

The sea grass Posidonia oceanica should be considered as a sentinel plant for monitoring Mediterranean sea pollution. The presence of a large number of cytochrome P450 enzymes in the plant kingdom is now well documented (Durst and O'Keefe 1995).The rapid development of molecular biology techniques has documented on the multiplicity and diversity of plant P450 genes and allowed the cloning of. Rod posidonie zahrnuje 9 druhů a je rozšířen v temperátních až subtropických oblastech Středomoří a Austrálie. Posidonie mořská (Posidonia oceanica) se vyskytuje jako běžný druh při pobřežích v celém Středomoří. Všechny zbývající druhy rodu posidonie jsou endemity Austrálie (včetně Tasmánie)

Posidonia oceanica is a plant adapted to underwater life and a key element to preserve the Mediterranean ecosystems. Posidonia oceanica, commonly known as Seagrass, is an angiosperm plant, adapted to underwater life.It is a key element to preserve the Mediterranean ecosystems. What follows is an explanation of the Posidonia oceanica, its ecosystem, and its impact on related ecosystems Published in AlgaeBase (from synonym Posidonia caulinii K.D.Koenig, 1805) To Barcode of Life (10 barcodes) To Biodiversity Heritage Library (100 publications) (from synonym Zostera oceanica Linnaeus, 1767 Il documentario illustra le principali caratteristiche morfologiche ed ecologiche della pianta marina Posidonia oceanica e l'importanza del particolare habit.. Das Neptungras (Posidonia oceanica) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Neptungrasgewächse (Posidoniaceae). Diese Wasserpflanze gedeiht im Salzwasser. Sie ist - als einzige Art der ansonsten vollständig in Australien heimischen Gattung Posidonia - im Mittelmeer heimisch Posidonia oceanica vit entre 1 et 30 mètres de profondeur, et exceptionnellement jusqu'à 40 m dans des eaux très limpides. Elle peut supporter des températures allant de 10 à 28 °C . C'est une plante nécessitant une salinité relativement constante, ce qui la rend rare près des embouchures de cours d'eau ou des lagunes

Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is a seagrass species endemic to the Mediterranean Sea that forms dense and extensive underwater meadows with leaves that can attain 1 metre in height. These meadows provide important ecological functions and services and support a highly diverse community, including species of economic interest La Posidonia oceanica es una planta angiosperma, adaptada a la vida submarina, fundamental para la preservación de los ecosistemas del Mar Mediterráneo. Actualmente las praderas de Posidonia están retrocediendo en todo el Mediterráneo Il progetto Life SEPOSSO, Supporting Environmental governance for the POSidonia oceanica Sustainable transplanting Operations, LIFE16 GIE/IT/000761, realizzato con il contributo della Commissione Europea, ha l'obiettivo di migliorare la Governance italiana dei trapianti di Posidonia oceanica, habitat marino prioritario 1120* sensu Direttiva Habitat (1992/43/EEC), eseguiti per compensare i danni causati da opere e infrastrutture costiere

Posidonia oceanica is a marine phanerogam and therefore reproduces sexually through flowers and fruits. The flowers, peculiar and inconspicuous, are hermaphroditic (they have male and female sexual organs). Posidonia oceanica usually reproduces asexually. It reproduces through runners (horizontal growth shoots) that form a meadow Posidonia oceanica es una planta acuática, endémica del Mediterráneo, perteneciente a la familia Posidoniaceae. Tiene características similares a las plantas terrestres, como raíces, tallo rizomatoso y hojas cintiformes de hasta un metro de largo dispuestas en matas de 6 a 7

What is Posidonia Oceanica? And what can you do to protect

  1. Posidonia oceanica is een plantensoort die veel voorkomt langs de rotskusten van de Middellandse Zee.De soort staat op de Rode Lijst van de IUCN geklasseerd als 'niet bedreigd'.. Kenmerken. De tot 1 meter lange planten vormen dichte bossen op zandbodems op een diepte van 2-25 meter. Deze zeegrasvelden vormen een belangrijk ecosysteem, en een kweekplaats voor allerlei organismen, zoals zee.
  2. The Posidonia oceanica is a key protected habitat in the Mediterranean Sea. It is highly vulnerable because of its slow growth rate and once destroyed it cannot be restored. Photograph by Carlos Minguel
  3. Posidonia oceanica, prendiamocene cura: il documentario del LIFE SEPOSSO fa il punto su 20 anni di trapianti.Così come accade per le foreste danneggiate su..

posidonia oceanica. Una pianta marina endemica del Mediterraneo le cui praterie rivestono un'enorme importanza per la vita del mare e il suo litorale. Si tratta della Posidonia oceanica che, secondo un nuovo studio, è anche in grado di catturare i frammenti di plastica nei nostri mari. Definita come il polmone del nostro mare, la Posidonia. The species described by Linnaeus, Posidonia oceanica, is found in the Mediterranean; the rest are located around the southern coast of Australia. Some species are endemic seagrasses of Western Australia, all the Australian species are found in that region's diverse habitats La qualité des eaux de Formentera, uniques par leur transparence et leur couleur turquoise, est due à la présence de grandes prairies sous-marines de Posidonia Oceanica. Une plante aux propriétés singulières qui permet de récolter un sel exceptionnel aux vertus uniques. En savoir plu

Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is the most important endemic seagrass species of the Mediterranean Sea 6 and it can form meadows or beds extending from the surface to 40-45 m depth Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species

  1. Posidonia oceanica is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea and the most widespread seagrass species in these waters. It covers between 25,000 and 50,000 km2 of the coastal areas, corresponding to 25% of the sea bottom at the depth between 0 and 40 m
  2. Posidonia oceanica, commonly known as seagrass, is a phanerogamic plant adapted to underwater life. It is a key element preserving the Mediterranean ecosystems, protecting from coastal erosion, and regulating CO 2 absorption in the sea and in the atmosphere. The function of the meadow is comparable to the tropical forests and wetlands: it plays.
  3. The endemic Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is the most abundant seagrass in the Mediterranean Sea, where it forms extensive mead-ows from the surface down to 40 m depth (Boudouresque et al., 2006). The species is included in the Red List of marine threatened species of the Mediterranean (Boudouresque et al., 1990) an
  4. Posidonia oceanica (Leaves) Posidonia oceanica. Posidonia Oceanica. Messina strait close to sicilian coast showing Posidonia, Caulerpa and Pinna nobilis. Posidonia in Croatia. Sepia en Posidonia. Posidonia met octopus. Posidonia, diving in Portofino, Italy. Posidonia, diving in Portofino, Italy
  5. Ohrožení a ochrana: Posidonia oceanica je zahrnuta pod ochranu Úmluvy o ochraně evroých planě rostoucích rostlin, volně žijících živočichů a přírodních stanovišť (Bernská úmluva), zákonem chráněným druhem je v řadě zemí Mediteránu (například ve Španělsku, Francii, Chorvatsku aj.)

Posidonia oceanica - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Browse 107 posidonia oceanica stock photos and images available, or search for neptune grass or seagrass to find more great stock photos and pictures. Seaballs, egagropili, balls of fibrous material, remains of Neptune grass modelled by the waves, Sinis peninsula, Sardinia region, Italy Posidonia Oceanica, also known as Neptune Grass, is an endemic seagrass from the Mediterranean.It is commonly mistaken with algae but in fact it is a plant and it is particularly important for the ecosystems as it produces 5 times the amount of oxygen as a byproduct compared to the Amazon rainforest Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, 1813, is the most widespread endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean Sea, in which its meadows represent a paramount ecosystem 1. P. oceanica meadows are indeed the. Posidonia oceanica seagrass with a school of fish underwater in the Mediterranean sea, Catalonia, Llafranc Autumn sea landscape with dry posidonia oceanica. Cannes, France, Mediterranean Se The conceptual model. Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is a seagrass species (Magnoliophyta, kingdom Archaeplastida) endemic to the Mediterranean Sea , which dwells in the sublittoral zone, from mean sea level down to 30 to 40 m depth, depending upon water transparency , , .Due to the length, up to 120 cm, and density of the leaves, the seagrass canopy decreases water movement and traps.

Posidonie - Wikipedi

Find the perfect posidonia oceanica stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now Part of this microbial diversity is made up of fungi, important organisms from ecological and biotechnological points of view. In this study, for the first time, the qualitative and quantitative composition of the mycoflora associated to leaves, rhizomes, roots and matte of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica was estimated Find posidonia oceanica stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day Effects of fish farm waste on Posidonia oceanica meadows: Synthesis and provision of monitoring and management tools. By Manolis Tsapakis and Simone Mirto. Metabolic Imbalance In Coastal Vegetated (Posidonia Oceanica) and Unvegetated Benthic Ecosystems. By Ioannis Karakassis

Posidonia oceanica - Posidonia Mallorc

Seagrass meadows are among the most productive ecosystems, with Posidonia oceanica being the most important species along the Mediterranean coastline. This species forms extensive mono-specific meadows that are extremely sensitive to medium-high levels of disturbance and are being threatened by fast environmental changes caused by global warming and increasing human activities Posidonia oceanica (Leaves) Posidonia oceanica. Posidonia Oceanica. Messina strait close to sicilian coast showing Posidonia, Caulerpa and Pinna nobilis. Posidonia in Croatia. Sepia en Posidonia. Posidonia met octopus. Posidonia, diving in Portofino, Italy. Posidonia, diving in Portofino, Italy català: Posidònia corsu: Arba marina Deutsch: Neptungras English: Neptune Grass español: Alga de vidrieros français: Posidonie de Méditerranée magyar: Neptunfű Nederlands: Neptunusgra La Posidonia Oceanica propone due stanze da letto climatizzate con bagno privato, WI-FI gratutito e un'area comune dove verrà offerta ogni mattina la prima colazione all'italiana. Davanti alla struttura sono presenti le fermate dei principali autobus, per la città e per le spiagge. Nei dintorni troverete numerosi bar e ristoranti

Se han encontrado ejemplares de posidonia oceánica separados más de 15 kilómetros que provenían de la misma planta, lo que ha llevado a los científicos a estimar la edad de esta planta en 100.000 años, siendo el ser vivo más longevo del planeta. Principales amenazas de la posidonia oceánica. En peligro For this we propose the creation of an experimental book, in a publicly visible process through social networks or other events. The Posidonia Oceanica - Creation of an experimental book. 01 Jan - 31 Dec. El Almundín. C/ Almudí, 16 bajo izq. 46003 València. Fundación Oceanogràfic Posidonia, una pianta simbolo del Mare Mediterraneo. La Posidonia oceanica è una pianta sottomarina che vive nel Mediterraneo. Spesso definita erroneamente un'alga, è invece dotata di radici, lunghe foglie nastriformi, fiori verdastri che si formano sott'acqua in autunno e frutti, detti olive di mare, che maturano tra marzo e aprile.. La Posidonia oceanica è una specie di grande valore.

Posidonia oceanica PoCMT1 genomic features and its protein genealogy. (A) Scheme of the genomic organization of PoCMT1. Start and stop codons and polyadenylation signals are typed. Degenerate and gene specific forward (FW) and backward (BW) directed primers used in PoCMT1 characterization are shown by arrows Search from Posidonia Oceanica stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else Posidonia Oceanica Algumas vezes, nas margens da praia, você pode encontrar restos de Posidonia. Essas folhas não são lixo, indicam que você se encontra em um ecossistema natural

Parole chiave: Posidonia oceanica, Area Marina Protetta Isole Pelagie, Fenologia, Canale di Sicilia, Lampedusa, Caulerpa racemosa v. cylindracea. SUMMARY Analysis of the Posidonia oceanica (L. La posidonia oceanica es una planta muy sensible a la contaminación. De hecho, es considerada como un buen bioindicador de la calidad de las aguas . El aumento de la contaminación en el litoral ha provocado una considerable reducción de las praderas, a pesar de que con la construcción de depuradoras y sistemas de control de calidad parece. Purity and Clarity of its waters, filtered by the largest and oldest living being in the world, The Oceanic Posidonia, with its 8 km of extension and 100,000 years of age, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, offers visitors unique beaches in the Mediterranean. Contribute to the project. Sponsor. Join in a Solidarity World A Posidonia oceanica é uma espécie de angiosperma marinha endêmica do Mar Mediterrâneo.Forma grandes tapetes em zonas pouco profundas do mar, e é considerada de grande importância para a conservação ambiental da região. O fruto é livre e flutuante, conhecido na Itália como azeitona-do-mar (l'oliva di mare).Bolas de material fibroso da folhagem e raízes da planta, conhecidas.

Protect the Posidonia sea grass meadows, an underwater

Posidonia oceanica (Linnaeus) Delile, 1813 - Marine Specie

Posidonia oceanica, ó igual co resto de membros do xénero, ten a súa orixe no período Cretáceo [1]. Naquela época dominaban na terras as plantas ximnospermas, mais xa apareceran as anxiospermas. Algunhas destas plantas vivían en terreos próximos ó mar ou a correntes de auga Η Ποσειδωνία η ωκεάνιος (Posidonia oceanica) είναι είδος θαλασσίου φανερογάμου (πρόκειται για ανώτερο φυτό - θαλάσσιο αγγειόσπερμο, αν και λαθασμένα συχνά το αποκαλούμε ως φύκια) ενδημικό στη Μεσόγειο Θάλασσα Rapid warming of the Mediterranean Sea threatens marine biodiversity, particularly key ecosystems already stressed by other impacts such as Posidonia oceanica meadows. A 6‐year monitoring of seawater temperature and annual P. oceanica shoot demography at Cabrera Archipelago National Park (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean) allowed us to determine if warming influenced shoot mortality.

Posidonia oceanica - YouTub

La Posidonia Oceanica. Sicuramente troverai resti di Posidonia sulla riva. Queste alghe non sono spazzatura, ma parte di un ecosistema naturale. Il testo sopracitato si può leggere sui cartelli delle. Seagrass are among the most important natural carbon sinks on Earth with Posidonia oceanica (Mediterranean Sea) considered as the most relevant species. Yet, the number of direct measurements of organic carbon burial rates in P. oceanica is still scarce and the effect of local environmental factors remains largely unexplored. In addition, P. oceanica meadows are declining due to the increase.

Neptungras - Wikipedi

Neptungräser (Posidonia), auch Neptunspflanzen genannt, sind die einzige Pflanzengattung der Familie der Neptungrasgewächse (Posidoniaceae) in der Ordnung der Froschlöffelartigen (Alismatales) innerhalb der Einkeimblättrigen Pflanzen.Es ist eine der Gattungen, deren Arten, wie viele Arten der Ordnung Froschlöffelartige, mit ähnlichem Habitus und Habitat, Seegras genannt werden Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, sebbene spesso confusa con le alghe, è una fanerogama marina, ovvero una pianta che produce fiori e frutti.La specie è endemica del mar Mediterraneo. La pianta è organizzata in radici, fusto - detto rizoma a causa dell'habitus ipogeo - e foglie.. I rizomi sono fusti modificati che presentano la caratteristica di accrescersi sia in senso orizzontale. Respecto a la Posidonia oceanica, su extensión se ha reducido entre un 13 y 38% desde 1960, al menos en el mediterráneo occidental. Los factores que amenazan a este ecosistema son: Contaminación de las aguas por aguas residuales y otros vertidos. Fondeo de embarcaciones de recreo sobre las pradera La Posidonia oceanica è considerata la foresta tropicale sottomarina, ma non tutti conoscono questa pianta che nei millenni ha imparato a vivere nelle profondità oceaniche. Spesso confusa con un'alga, la Posidonia in realtà è una pianta marina importantissima che è a rischio a causa anche dei nostri comportamenti Posidonia oceanica Préservation et conservation des herbiers à P osidonia oceanica R AMOGE 2006. Conception : STILE LIBERO - www.stilelibero.mc L' ACCORD RAMOGE L' A CCORD RAMOGE, signé en 1976, est l'instrument dont se sont dotés les gouvernement

Posidonia oceanica — WikipédiaThe Posidonia Oceánica - Santjosep

Posidonia oceanica — Wikipédi

Posidonia oceanica (Linnaeus) Delile - MarineSpecies

The numbers of Posidonia oceanica. 1 m 2 of prairie that regresses due to the erosion of about 15 meters of sandy coastline.. 1 m 2 of grassland has up to 1000 tufts of leaves and more than 40 m 2 of leaf surface.. 1 leaf can be even longer than 1 meter. 1 m 2 of prairie produces photosynthesis from 10 to 15 liters of oxygen per day.. 1 meter of matte needs more than 100 years to form Posidonia. beds (Posidonion oceanicae) Posidonia oceanica meadow edge, with biogenic sands and mysida crustaceans. Photo: C.M. Duarte. 11 - Open sea and tidal areas EUNIS Classification: A5.535 - Posidonia. beds * Priority habitat . Summary . P. oceanica. is an endemic species to the Mediterranean Sea that forms dense and extensive gree The seagrass Posidonia Oceanica is a protected species under national and international legislation (Habitat Directive 92/43 / EU) and is one of the two most essential oxygen producers on the planet.Posidonia Oceanica is exclusively distributed in the Mediterranean Sea and is of great importance to sea flora and fauna

LIFE SEPOSSO Supporting Environmental governance for the

Mesures en favor de les praderies de Fanerògames Marines L'anomenada alga de vidriers, altina o posidònia (Posidonia oceanica) és un organisme únic de la Mediterrània que creix en espectaculars extensions a l'arxipèlag Balear i que es troba actualment en retrocés per l'acció de l'home. Tot i ser en molts casos formacions mil·lenàries, el seu creixement és molt lent -al voltan La posidonie (Posidonia oceanica) est une plante à fleurs marine présente dans presque toute la Méditerranée, et uniquement en Méditerranée ; de même que l' olivier est le symbole de la. Posidonia oceanica viva, all'interno di un area di circonferenza di 5 metri di raggio (disegnata attorno a un punto fisso). I due operatori esprimono le loro stime (%) visive; la media tra le due stime fornisce il valore di ricoprimento (Buia et al., 2003). 3.2 Misure in immersione subacquea su entrambe le stazion La Posidonia trova la sua occupazione nel Mar Mediterraneo e nei dintorni dell' Australia. Per quanto riguarda la zona del Mediterraneo, la specie che ha costruito il suo habitat è la Posidonia oceanica. La sua distribuzione si aggira attorno ai 38.000 metri quadrati, circa il 3% dell'ambiente marino del nostro mare La Posidonia oceanica è una pianta endemica del Mediterraneo, non è un alga marina, ma è nota nelle isole Baleari come s'alga, vale a dire l'alga. Si tratta di una vera pianta con la stessa organizzazione esterna superiore delle piante: radici, fusto, foglie e la capacità di produrre fiori e frutti con semi

UN ALGA QUE NO LO ESAegagropile — Wikipédia

The Posidonia Oceánica - Santjosep

ポシドニアの群生 ポシドニア(Posidonia oceanica)について。透明度の高い地中海の砂地、水温 10 ~ 28 ℃の水深 1 ~ 35 メートルで見つかる海草で、一般には「ネプチューン草」や Mediterranean Tapeweed として知られており、大規模な水中の草原を形成していることで有名です ¿Qué es la Posidonia oceanica?. Se trata de una fanerogama marina que habita en el mar Medirterráneo pero ¿por qué es tan importante está planta? Descubre más sobre ella en este apartado Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile nel tentativo di offrire ai lettori un quadro schematico delle principali caratteristiche biologiche ed ecologiche della specie. La storia di questa pianta è del tutto singolare e costituisce ancor oggi un mistero in parte insoluto. Verso la fine del fine del periodo Cretaceo, alla fine dell‟Era secondaria. La posidonia oceanica non è un alga. Appartenente alla famiglia delle Posidoniacee, la Posidonia Oceanica è una pianta acquatica endemica del Mar Mediterraneo, il solo mare al mondo in cui possiamo trovarla.. Nonostante le persone comuni tendono a chiamare alga tutto quello che proviene dal mare, la Posidonia oceanica è a tutti gli effetti una pianta acquatica

Las praderas de Posidonia oceanica- Localización y valor

Posidonia oceanica - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libr

Posidonia oceanica presenta una distribución desigual en el litoral valenciano, teniendo una mayor presencia en la provincia de Alicante en comparación con Valencia o Castellón. Así, las praderas de posidonia están presentes en el litoral de la práctica totalidad de municipios alicantinos, a excepción de Guardamar del Segura, por la. Translations in context of Posidonia oceanica in Italian-English from Reverso Context: Molto vicino, a meno di un'ora di navigazione, si trova il Parco Nazionale dell'Arcipelago di Cabrera, particolarmente attraente per i fondali marini di posidonia oceanica A big challenge in the composites industry is the availability of cheap raw lignocellulosic materials, potential candidates to replace slow growing trees, in order to minimize the production cost. Therefore, a variety of plants were studied and tested worldwide in composites manufacturing. The objective of this study was to investigate the technical feasibility of manufacturing particleboards.

Il documentario dell'ISPRA dal titolo Posidonia oceanica prendiamocene cura, realizzato nell'ambito del Progetto LIFE SEPOSSO, fa il punto sulle attività di monitoraggio dei 15 trapianti della pianta effettuati in Italia per ricostituire le praterie che svolgono un ruolo importante per l'ecosistema marino, per la protezione delle coste, nonché per l'assorbimento di CO2 La posidonia oceánica, ese alga tan molesta para los bañistas que tantas críticas hacia la navegación deportiva provoca es una planta submarina tan polémica como curiosa. Hoy en día se protege fervientemente tanto viva como muerta, así que algo tendrá de especial para haber sido declarada Patrimonio de la Humanidad y para que esté

Home - Mediterranian Posidonia Networ

Monocotiledóneas

POSIDONIA OCEANICA, prendiamocene cura

Echinoderm - Marine biology

Posidonia Oceanica intotheblue.it, Oceanic aquatic plant endemic Mediterranean Sea, bioindicatore, matta, pianta, mediterraneo, mar, tirreno, ligur Fibers of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica as substrate for germination of lentil seeds Bonet‑Aracil Marilés 1 · Gisbert‑Payá Jaime 1 · Bou‑Belda Eva 1 · Montava Ignacio 1 · Díaz‑García Pablo ¿Qué es la posidonia oceanica? Nuestro mar Mediterráneo se encuentra, cada vez más, amenazado por los impactos de las actividades humanas que van degradando los ecosistemas marinos, y por tanto, disminuyendo su biodiversidad. Una de las especies bioindicadoras de una excelente calidad de las aguas marinas es la Posidonia oceanica. La. La Posidonia oceanica es una planta adaptada a la vida submarina y elemento fundamental para la preservación de los ecosistemas del Mar Mediterráneo Los principales factores que amenazan las praderas de Posidonia oceanica son las obras marítimas, la contaminación de aguas costeras, la generación de playas artificiales, la retirada de hojas muertas que llegan a las playas y el anclaje. Among these, the endemic species Posidonia oceanica is predominant in the Mediterranean Sea (Papenbrock, 2012) . Posidonia meadows provide breeding and nursery grounds for various fish and other marine organisms. They influence commercial fishing and shape the coastal structure by accumulating nutrients POSIDONIA OCEANICA (IMAGE) University of Barcelona. Caption. In the grasslands, the plastics are incorporated to agglomerates of natural fiber with a ball shape (aegagropila or Posidonia Neptune.