Causes of hair loss

Hair loss: Who gets and causes - American Academy of

  1. A common cause of this imbalance is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It leads to cysts on a woman's ovaries, along with other signs and symptoms, which can include hair loss. Stopping some types of birth control pills can cause a temporary hormonal imbalance
  2. Hairstyles that pull can lead to hair loss If you often pull your hair tightly into a bun, cornrows, or another hairstyle, you can develop permanent hair loss. Try these changes to prevent lost locks. What causes hair loss
  3. Stress or illness (currently, including COVID-19) can cause hair loss—it's a process known as telogen effluvium, or the excessive shedding of hair induced by stress, Michelle Henry, MD, a..
  4. Hair loss caused due to genetic makeup is a natural condition. It is called androgenetic alopecia [ 2] and is common in men. It is also called male-pattern baldness or hereditary-pattern baldness. 2
  5. Hair style: Your style of hair can cause hair loss when your hair is arranged in ways that pull on your roots, like tight ponytails, braids, or corn rows. This type of hair loss is called traction alopecia. If hair follicles are damaged, the loss can be permanent
  6. Causes of hair loss 1. Androgenetic alopecia. Possible causes of hair loss include androgenetic alopecia, pregnancy, and telogen effluvium. 2. Pregnancy. Some women may experience excessive hair loss shortly after giving birth. This is due to a decrease in... 3. Telogen effluvium. Telogen effluvium.
  7. And things that interfere with the cycle -- like medication, illness, infection, or chemicals -- have the potential to stop hair from being formed properly. It's a very dynamic place and anything..

Causes of hair loss - American Academy of Dermatolog

Women may experience hair loss during menopause due to reduced production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These changes also lead to symptoms like menstrual cycle irregularity, dry skin,.. Experts at the Mayo Clinic state, The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness The causes of female hair loss & hair thinning are common in women, especially as they age. Hair restoration may be the solution. Contact us with any questions you might have regarding Best Hair Transplant in LA, and/or booking your first procedure

19 Causes of Hair Loss, How to Treat It Health

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  2. The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary male- or female-pattern baldness. If you have a family history of baldness, you may have this type of hair loss. Certain sex hormones can trigger..
  3. Top 5 Causes of Hair loss | #shorts | Hair Loss CausesIn this Video we are listing top 5 causes for hair loss. These are some surprising factors which can le..

Hair Hair has a basic structure, yet it plays a vital role in social interaction. Keratin is a strong protein that makes up hair. Each hair is attached to the skin via a hair follicle. The hair follicle's base is formed by the hair bulb. Living cells divide and proliferate in the hair bulb to A Complete Guide On Hair And Hair Loss: Causes, And Prevention Read More The causes of hair loss in children are often psychologically based. Considering the child's body, it is expected to have extremely healthy hair follicles. The strongest criterion that can negatively affect this is psychological reasons. Regional hair loss, especially known as ringworm, baldness can be seen in childhood Male Type Hair Loss It is the most common type hair loss. %95 of the man, %50 of the women faces with man type hair loss. It begins with the head's peak, and goes on with losing the front line of the head. Hair begins to become thinner. Thus, this area becomes balder. This process [ Typically caused by over-styling of the hair, traction alopecia is a common (but completely reversible) form of hair loss in teenagers and young adults. Essentially, traction occurs when the hair is pulled back into tight hairstyles or over-styled with the use of harsh chemicals (such as relaxers and dyes)

While there are many causes for hair loss, the most likely cause is genetics. Finding out whether or not hair loss is caused by genetics or another reason can help determine the best course of treatment. Since there are several conditions that can affect hair growth and loss, seeing a doctor prior to self-treating is recommended.. Hair Loss Why Does It Happen And Can Be Stopped Abc News What causes hair thinning how to stop it hair thinning on one side of head causes solutions ds healthcare. Traumas are a serious cause of sudden cause of hair loss. And if you're over 50 - your hair is more likely to be affected (compared to a young women): roots are weake Loss of armpit/pubic hair symptom checker statistics. People who have experienced loss of armpit/pubic hair have also experienced: 9% Hair Loss; 5% Fatigue; 2% Vaginal Itch Or Burning; People who have experienced loss of armpit/pubic hair were most often matched with: 33% Hypothyroidism; 33% Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; 33% Klinefelter Syndrom

Hair Loss: 10 Causes, Treatments and Prevention Tips

  1. Also called androgenetic alopecia, it's the top cause of hair loss for both sexes. In men, the hair tends to thin out at the temples and can make them go bald. In women, it usually starts at the..
  2. Dandruff is the most easily treated cause of hair loss, Dr. Fusco says, because you can treat it with over-the-counter products, like a shampoo containing zinc pyrithione or exfoliating.
  3. Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Inflammation or scarring is not usually present. Hair loss in some people causes psychological distress.. Common types include male- or female-pattern hair loss, alopecia areata.
  4. A could also notice hair thinning or loss. In addition, hair loss is a frequent side effect of some antibiotics
  5. Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring.

Hair Loss in Women: Causes, Treatment & Preventio

Pubic hair loss is not harmful to a person's physical health, but it may cause psychological distress. Some people may also feel concerned about the underlying cause of pubic hair loss A host of physical conditions may also cause hair loss. Hormonal changes may result in temporary imbalances due to childbirth, pregnancy or menopause. They, in turn, cause hair fall. Problems with the thyroid gland may also cause hair to recede. Patchy hair loss, or alopecia areata, is non-scarring Hair thinning can be a result of several health concerns, such as thyroid conditions, natural hormonal changes that women experience after pregnancy or during menopause. Alopecia areata is another medical condition that leads to smooth patches of hair loss. Hair loss can also be a side effect of certain medications. The hair follicle is incredibly sensitive to changes in the body The causes of hair loss in children are often psychologically based. Considering the child's body, it is expected to have extremely healthy hair follicles. The strongest criterion that can negatively affect this is psychological reasons. Regional hair loss, especially known as ringworm, baldness can be seen in childhood Hair loss: let's look at the 55 hair loss causes During my research, I compiled a list of all the hair loss causes I came across and to my surprise, there were SO MANY! To better understand how and why hair loss occurs and how it can be prevented, we need to learn about the science of hair, the causes, nutrition and growth

Stress causes oxidation, thereby harming Coenzyme Q10 among other anti-oxidants, which made it one of the key contributors to the list of causes of hair loss in teenage males. For most men, the years spent as a teenager can be incredibly stressful Trauma can cause hair loss in general and the eyebrows make no exception: accidental scarring, local tattoo removal and mechanical damage to the skin of your eyebrows can lead to hair loss in this region. Psychological conditions, such as chronic stress, telogen effluvium (hair follicles going dormant due to emotional shock or hardship [9]) and. In addition to ringworm, hair pulling, traction alopecia, and the other causes of hair loss mentioned above, other less common causes of hair loss can include: 1 . Thyroid disorders, including either hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Illnesses, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus, or iron-deficiency anemia Common Causes of Hair Loss With Female Teenagers. There are a number of causes of hair loss in teenage females, such as:0. Hormonal imbalance - During puberty, hormones trigger immense bodily changes and some teenage girls may even face hair loss. Medicines/drugs - Drugs like oral retinoids for acne, oral contraceptive withdrawal etc. can cause hair loss

Why is my hair falling out? 10 causes of hair los

  1. CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS. PHYSICAL STRESS; Physical traumas like surgery, severe illness or accidents can cause temporary hair loss. It can trigger a type of hair loss i.e. telogen effluvium. Hair loss caused by physical stress often becomes noticeable after 4 to 6 months. Human hair has a life cycle: a growth phase, rest phase and shedding phase
  2. g they have a full head of hair) lose about 100 scalp hairs over a 24-hour period. Hair loss can become a cosmetic problem when it occurs in the wrong place at the wrong time in the wrong individual
  3. Hair loss in your 60s and beyond. Your hair is not spared from the aging process. Hair growth and regeneration slows down with age. Health problems can also take their toll on your hair, and some of the medications you need might cause hair loss as a side effect
  4. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, depending on the cause. In order to reverse hair loss, the cause needs to be investigated and properly addressed. If it is due to poor diet, iron deficiency, PCOS, stress, hypothyroidism, or anxiety, and these issues are corrected, hair can grow back
  5. The unexplained loss of pubic hair can be confusing and scary for someone who doesn't know the causes, whether direct or underlying, of the hair loss 1. Knowing some of the causes can assist you in seeking treatment if needed and getting a strong diagnosis from a medical professional
  6. oxidil (Rogaine), which helps with certain types of hair loss, or another treatment to replace or regrow lost hair

If you experience hair loss and aren't sure if it's male pattern hair loss or a thyroid issue, try looking at where on your head you're losing hair from. With male pattern hair loss, there's a pattern, explains Dr. Shapiro. (Hence the name.) You'll notice a receding hairline or a bald spot at the top of the crown Hair loss. You may think only dudes are affected, but it's becoming a growing problem (pun intended) with women. In fact, 40 percent of us will experience hair loss by the time we're 50, according to the American Hair Loss Association.Luckily, unless your entire family tree has inherited the balding gene, there are a few roadblocks you can avoid to keep your hair full and voluminous

What Causes Hair Loss On Your Head. Hair thinning on one side of head causes solutions ds healthcare group why is my hair falling out hormones medications and other causes 6 common hair loss causes in men man of many patch of hair loss on the scalp mdedge dermatology The most common cause of hair loss in this hair type is traction alopecia. This is the hair loss caused by repeated and prolonged tensile (pulling) forces applied to the follicles through. Losing beard hair can be part of the natural shift in the hair follicle growth phase, or caused by issues like poor micronutrient intake, low-calorie dieting, suppressed androgens, too aggressive beard care routine, or alopecia barbae. We hope our article helped you in understanding what causes beard hair loss and how to mitigate it Loss of hair on the legs typically occurs due to anterolateral leg alopecia. This condition affects the hair on the outer and front sides of the legs. Besides, aging may be a contributing factor since it can cause thinning of leg hair. Have a look at other leading causes that may trigger loss of body hair Here are five common culprits of hair loss in dogs that should be discussed with your veterinarian. 1. Allergies. Allergies are a frequent cause of hair loss in dogs. This may due to environmental triggers such as pollen, molds and dust mites, or due to parasitic triggers like fleas or mites. Food allergies are another possible cause of hair loss

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Causes of Anxiety Hair Loss. Hair loss is never the only symptom of anxiety. But it is a distressing one. The key issue between anxiety and hair loss is stress. Anxiety can create long term and persistent stress. While technically these are two separate conditions and long term stress on its own can lead to many of the same symptoms, the. For men suffering from hair loss, causes range from hereditary traits to underlying medical conditions to lifestyle choices and more. Should you notice a receding hairline or thinning hair at the crown of your head, the first thing to remember is that you're far from alone. In fact, studies suggest that approximately 85% of men experience significantly thinning hair by the age of 50 Hair loss and weight gain may occur naturally as you age; however, they may also be signs of an undiagnosed condition. Unexplained weight gain without a change in exercise or eating habits may be a signal that something is wrong. Hair loss may manifest as a thinning of scalp or eyebrow hair

Hair loss is often inevitable. In most cases, it occurs due to aging and depends largely on genetics. This type of hair loss is called a ndrogenetic alopecia and affects an estimated 80 million people in the United States, both men and women, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.. Other times, however, hair loss is a symptom of a larger medical issue Cat hair loss or thinning hair down the middle of the back to the rump indicates a flea problem. The chance that cat flea allergy is likely the cause increases if the hair loss is accompanied by bumps or scabs. Symptoms include intense itching (itch causes your cat to over groom or chew the fur), redness, scaly patches, and hair loss The most common causes of thinning hair in older women are female pattern hair loss, extreme stress, and self-inflicted hair loss. Female pattern hair loss affects tens of millions of women around the world and is genetic in nature. Everyone experiences stress here and there, but too much stress can lead to more hair loss than usual The medical term for hair loss is alopecia. Alopecia can be temporary or permanent. The most common form of alopecia occurs gradually and is referred to as androgenetic alopecia. Most women suffer hair loss because of three major causes: hair shedding, hair thinning and hair breakage. below are the major causes of hair loss in young women: 1

Hair Loss Causes 7 weeks finasteride and minoxidil (photo) Posted on July 20, 2021 by Thinning to Thickness. The pictures are very poor, but the suggestion is that you responded well. I suspect that is what you were showing. Age 23. Source Source link Top Hair Loss Remedies: Foods to Avoid. There are also foods that I recommend eliminating or avoiding as much as possible like: Trans fatty acids — Unhealthy fats like trans fatty acids have been shown to increase inflammation and production of DHT, which can cause hair loss.Stay away from hydrogenated oils like corn oil and soybean oil, which are loaded with trans fats

Causes of Hair Loss in Women: Medical Reasons and Mor

Causes of Leg Hair Loss. Many of the causes of hair loss on the legs is due to the same causes as loss of scalp hair. However, one of the most common causes, peripheral artery diseases, is unique to the limbs of the body. Poor Blood Circulation. The hair follicles like all living tissue need an adequate supply of blood to continue functioning How sex hormone imbalances cause thinning hair low sex drive and hair loss. Sex hormone imbalances can cause several health problems. This includes hair thinning, hair loss, and also low sex drive. For many people, their hair is a source of great pride and one of the most important accessories that they own One of the most common dog skin conditions linked to hair loss in dogs is known as alopecia, an affliction that can result in partial or even complete hair loss. Although the term 'alopecia' is a general term used to describe hair loss in dogs, this unfortunate condition actually stems from a variety of possible sources

Causes of Hair Loss in Dogs. A list of common causes of hair loss in dogs include: Allergic or contact dermatitis: An allergic reaction can cause cause skin irritation and hair loss. Common allergies include medication, pollen, dust, chemicals, fragrances and various plants. Alopecia areata: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes patches of. Just like hair loss and thinning, there are a number of factors that can contribute to a receding hairline (including traction alopecia, excessive hairstyling habits, and genetic hair loss, says. Causes of Hair Loss in Dogs. Some possible causes for dog hair loss include: Pressure sores. Friction (from a collar, for example) Nervous chewing or licking. Trauma and/or scarring. Post-surgical clipping. Infection (bacterial, yeast or fungal) Ringworm (fungal infection

A The most likely cause of hair loss in these regions is external parasites such as lice or mites (mange). They are spread by direct contact between animals. Disease is most common during winter. Understanding Hair Loss during Perimenopause. Hair loss, or alopecia, refers to a condition in which a person loses more hair than normal. Typically, a hair follicle grows one quarter of an inch per month for up to six years before falling out and being replaced by another. Hair loss during perimenopause occurs when the rate of loss exceeds that of re-growth

This often causes hair to grow on the face and body, while the hair on the head grows thinner. PCOS can also lead to ovulation problems, acne, and weight gain. 5. Birth Control Pills Birth control pills can cause hair loss. The hormones in the pill that suppress ovulation can cause hair to thin, especially in women with a family history of hair. When iron dips low, hair loss can occur. If your ferritin is <50, inadequate iron may be the cause of your hair loss. Read more about iron deficiency anemia and hormones. TSH, free T3, free T4, anti-TPO, anti-thyroglobulin, RT3. These are all part of a complete thyroid work-up. Your thyroid may be to blame for your hair loss Sometimes hair loss can occur when you stop taking the pill. Other drugs associated with hair loss are blood thinners and medicines that treat high blood pressure, heart disease, arthritis, and depression. 3. Extreme stress. Extreme stress can cause sudden hair loss. The shedding could last several months months

Hair Loss in Women: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Significantly, hair loss does not occur all at once, but tends to be cyclical. People who are losing their hair experience alternating periods of slow hair loss, rapid hair loss, and even long periods of relative stability. The progression of androgenetic hair loss, however, will generally continue over ones lifetime Iron deficiency: The most common nutritional deficiency worldwide, this is a well-known cause of hair loss. It's unclear what degree of deficiency leads to hair loss and studies are inconclusive. Risk factors include menstrual blood loss, malabsorption (e.g. celiac disease), the use of H2 blockers and a vegan or vegetarian diet Pin this for later! 6 Common Causes of Hair Loss in Women Genetic Factors. Some women are genetically predisposed for hair loss. A natural, age-related hormone changes can trigger the thinning of your hair and can be inherited from either your mother or your father

Random bald spot on my head &gt; THAIPOLICEPLUS

Losing your hair, whether it be on the scalp, under the arms, on the legs or in the pubic region, is an emotional and often frustrating experience for both men and women. The loss of pubic hair may be a sudden event, or it may occur slowly over time Alopecia areata is a skin disorder that causes hair loss, usually in patches, most often on the scalp. Usually, the bald patches appear suddenly and affect only a limited area. The hair grows back within 12 months or less. For some people, however, the problem can last longer and be more severe, causing total baldness (alopecia totalis) or. Hormones are one of the main reasons for hair falling out. A survey by Viviscal found 50% of women over 25 years old said their hormones, including pregnancy, menopause and PCOS, had contributed to hair loss or hair thinning. And 27% of women felt that diet was a key factor in their hair loss or thinning Hair Hair has a basic structure, yet it plays a vital role in social interaction. Keratin is a strong protein that makes up hair. Each hair is attached to the skin via a hair follicle. The hair follicle's base is formed by the hair bulb. Living cells divide and proliferate in the hair bulb to A Complete Guide On Hair And Hair Loss: Causes, And Prevention Read More Going bald? These are the best natural ways to regrow your hair. Talk to a Dr. Berg Keto Consultant today and get the help you need on your journey. Call 1-5..

Hair loss can range from mild hair thinning to total baldness. Hair can fall out for many different reasons. Medically, hair loss falls into several categories, including: Telogen effluvium — This common form of hair loss happens two to three months after a major body stress, such as a prolonged illness, major surgery or serious infection. It. In women, thinning hair appears gradually, usually at the part line, and increasing hair loss spreading from the top of the head. There are several causes of hair loss in women, including medical conditions, certain medications, and physical or emotional stress. Here are five categories of hair loss affecting 50-plus women. Agin A shiny, full, luxurious coat is a great sign of a healthy cat. Likewise, if your cat begins losing hair in patches, clumps, or overall, it could be a sign of a greater health issue. The possible causes of cat hair loss, called alopecia, are many, and diagnosing the condition that underlies hair loss might take some time What Are Causes of Hair Loss? Hair loss is often caused by genetics, that is, it runs in families. In general, it is not a symptom of disease, however, thyroid disease, anemia, ringworm of the scalp, and anorexia can cause hair loss. In addition, some medications such as cancer chemotherapy may cause temporary hair loss. Hair growth usually returns to normal when the medications are stopped Female pattern hair loss occurs when new hair grows in finer and thinner than the original hair, resulting in lower hair volume and, eventually, halted growth. Some of the things that cause your hair to become brittle can also contribute to thinning

Alopecia Areata & Cicatricial | Sinclair Dermatology

12 Causes of Hair Loss in Women and Most Common Trigger

INTRODUCTION — Hair loss is a common clinical complaint that is a manifestation of a wide variety of disorders. Although the cause of hair loss is easily diagnosed in some cases, such as in patients who present with classic male pattern hair loss or patchy hair loss due to alopecia areata, the diagnosis of hair loss also can be challenging The most common cause of hair loss in men is androgenetic alopecia, also referred to as male pattern or common baldness. It is caused by the effects of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on genetically susceptible scalp hair follicles. DHT causes male hair loss by shortening the growth, or anagen, phase of the hair cycle, which results in the follicles producing. Alopecia. Alopecia is a condition that causes rounded patches of hair loss on the scalp and body 1. It is worsened from stress and anxiety and can cause the follicles to constrict and suffocate the hair roots. Alopecia can effect the underarms, causing the hair to be lost in patches, rather than thinning out. Alopecia is a condition that causes.

Hormones help regulate hair growth - so hormonal disorders of one form or another are a relatively common cause of hair loss, including loss of body hair. Hypothyroidism - a condition where the thyroid hormone in the body is low - can cause general body hair loss. So too can hyperthyroidism (where the body produces too MUCH thyroid hormone) Hair loss among teenage girls is generally rare, especially given that significant hair thinning among females usually occurs later in life. For perspective, a person normally loses about 50 to 100 hairs a day. For hair thinning to be noticeable, a person would have to consistently lose much ore hair than that over the course of many years Telogen effluvium (TE) is the most common cause of diffuse hair loss in adult females. TE, along with female pattern hair loss (FPHL) and chronic telogen effluvium (CTE), accounts for the majority of diffuse alopecia cases. Abrupt, rapid, generalized shedding of normal club hairs, 2-3 months after a Hair loss in women is multifactoral that means there is usually more than one cause. Some of the common causes include hormone changes during menopause 1, peri-menopause, following childbirth, taking the contraceptive pill as well as illness, stress2, restricted protein and decreased nutrition (eg during strict dieting)

What Are Main Causes of Female Hair Loss? - Best Hair

Hair loss in women has many causes. Menopause is one cause of hair loss in women over 50. Hormones, medications, and stress are other potential causes. Hair loss treatments may include minoxidil (Rogaine), low-level laser therapy (LLLT), and steroids or anti-inflammatory medications Hair loss can be caused by drugs used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, high blood pressure and birth control. Intake of too much vitamin A may cause hair loss as well. The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition, in this case both hair thinning and hair fall can occur Consult dermatologist The medical term for hair loss is alopecia. One kind - alopecia areata - causes patches of total hair loss with completely normal hair around. These patches can vary from small spots, less than the size of a 10 pence piece, to the whole scalp. Much less often, eyebrows, eyelashes, the beard area and even pubic hair can be affected Hair loss in women can be related to genetics, hormones and age. Androgenetic alopecia, also known as female pattern hair loss, is one of the most common causes of hair loss in women. Hair loss in women may be caused by a serious medical condition that needs proper attention and treatment as early as possible

Subscribe Now:http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ehowhealthWatch More:http://www.youtube.com/ehowhealthIf you are experiencing hair loss, yo.. Causes of Hair Loss in Rabbits. There are numerous causes for hair loss in your rabbit. These include: Parasite infestation (fleas, lice, mange mites, fur mites, mites that cause ear canker, a fungus like ringworm); if your rabbit has a severe flea infestation he may itch so much that he scratches off his fur Hypervitaminosis A causes hair loss, and data on the effects of isotretinoin in hair loss support this association. Alopecia Areata. Several studies show an association between AA and low vitamin D levels. Patients should be checked and given supplementation if vitamin D levels are low The severity of symptoms, the extent of hair loss, and presence of disease activity are documented at each visit, approximately every 3 months. Oral hydroxychloroquine (usually 200 mg twice daily) is started after appropriate laboratory tests and eye check if the patient is symptomatic, has progressive hair loss or signs of active disease Causes of Hair Loss in Men. Most causes of hair loss in men can be attributed to one of the following reasons: • Male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) • Scarring from accidents, surgery, and chemical and thermal burns. • Hair loss due to hair pulling, such as braiding or weaving. • Heredity (family history of hair loss

Video: Hair loss: Causes and Treatment - MedInfopedi

Signs of Damaged Hair - How do know if you have damagedMIRACLE BEAUTY & WELLNESS SERVICES: Dark Under Eye CircleTelogen effluvium

Stress: Stress is the most common cause of splitting fingernails and excessive hair loss. It not only takes a toll on a person's physical and psychological being but it also causes various dermatological problems like acne, brittle nails, hair loss, etc. Elevated level of the stress hormone cortisol causes a rise in oil production, which. It causes circular patches of itchy, inflamed skin and hair loss. Although more common in puppies, ringworm can occur in any dog and is highly contagious to humans and other pets. Skin infections caused by the Staphylococcus aurea bacteria often closely resemble ringworm lesions 2. Medical Causes Of Hair Loss In Children. Infections, diseases, or deficiencies, such as tinea capitis, alopecia areata, trichotillomania, telogen effluvium, hypothyroidism, and nutritional deficiencies, are some of the most common medical causes of hair loss in children (). (a) Tinea Capitis: Tinea capitis, also known as the ringworm of the scalp, is a scalp infection caused by fungi called.